Microprocessors and Intel and AMD in history
The Intel 4004 is the world's first single-processor microprocessor with a single processing unit, launched by Intel in November 1971. The company was established in 1968. Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore were two engineers at the Fairchild Semiconductor Company. Many left the Fairchild Company that year to start their own company. Intel was established for the sake of this agitation. Those who came out of Fairchild were called Fair-Children then.
|Intel 4004; Image Source: Supinfo|
Jerry Sanders was not left out of this agitation. Ten months after the founding of Intel with seven colleagues, he also left Fairchild to establish Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). Now let’s mention some important things here.
As a company, AMD and Intel are two different styles. AMD is a much smaller company than Intel. AMD's don’t make their own chips themselves, they just design. Manufactured by third party companies such as TSMC. But Intel has more than a dozen of its own manufacturing plants, most of which are located in the United States, China, Israel, and Ireland.
Many may think, I heard the name of AMD a few days ago. Where have they been for so long, where did they come from now? In fact, in the processor race, AMD has never been as competitive as Intel. With the ever new technology, Intel popularized their processors in such a way that AMD was a few generations behind Intel. In 1978, Intel released their 8080 processor. This processor of x86 architecture (refers to the processor architecture, the design, and instruction set of the processor, i.e. how the processor will work) lays the foundation for desktop computing. The chip market of this platform has maintained its existence for almost 30 years.
|From left Gordon Moore, Robert Noyce, and Jerry Sanders; Image Source: wccftech|
Intel later incorporated the x86 or 32-bit platform chip into their Pentium series, which gained a lot of popularity. Since then they have expanded their thinking. Let's take a look at some important Intel processor timelines.
- 1971: Introduction of the world's first microprocessor. Intel 4004.
- 1974: Intel 8080. The first desktop computer chip.
- 1978: Intel 8086. The first 16-bit processor.
- 1982: New series Intel 286 unveiled. But Bill Gates called it a brain dead chip. Because it could not run more than one DOS application.
- 1989: The first processor with more than 1 million transistors.
- 1993: Launch of the popular Pentium series. The number of transistors in this 32-bit processor was more than 3 million. Since then, each processor has been included in a series.
- 1995: Introduces the first processor for servers and workstations, called the Pentium Pro. It was the first supercomputer to cross a teraflop.
- 1998: Intel Celeron series unveiled. Intel has launched this series to compete with AMD in the low budget market.
- 2000: Intel Pentium 4. All single-chip processors are included in this series through this processor, which can be used from desktops to laptops.
- 2001: Xeon brand unveiled. It is designed separately for servers, workstations.
- 2006: Intel core solo and Duo are released. It is Intel's first two-core mobile, a processor for laptops or notebooks. It was first used on MacBooks.
- 2007: Intel introduces the TickTock processor model. A tick means that the processor of the new manufacturing technology will be made that year, and Tick means a new microarchitecture.
- 2008: Intel Core i7 series launched. It is targeted for business and gaming. This is called the success of the Core Duo. At present, its core number can be 4 to 10.
- 2009: Intel Core i5 series launched. The innovation of turbo boost technology which can give the required performance. This series can be called a middle-class series.
- 2010: Intel Core i3 series, known as the entry-level series. It is made for entry-level desktops and laptops.
- 2017: Intel has been following the tick-tock rule since 2010. Every year they release new processors with new features and improved performance. This year, Intel took out the Core i9 series to take the technology one step further. This series is primarily for computer enthusiasts who want to keep their systems up to date with the latest technology.